Stainless Steel Grade 310 is a medium carbon austenitic stainless steel, for high temperature applications such as furnace parts and heat treatment equipment. It is used at temperatures up to 1150°C in continuous service, and 1035°C in intermittent service. Stainless Steel Grade 310S is a low carbon version of grade 310.
Typical Applications Stainless Steel Grade 310/310S is used in fluidised bed combustors, kilns, radiant tubes, stainless steel u tube, tube hangers for petroleum refining and steam boilers, coal gasifier internal components, lead pots, thermowells, refractory anchor bolts, burners and combustion chambers, retorts, muffles, annealing covers, saggers, food processing equipment, cryogenic structures.
These grades contain 25% chromium and 20% nickel, making them highly resistant to oxidation and corrosion. Stainless Steel Grade 310S is a lower carbon version, less prone to embrittlement and sensitisation in service. The high chromium and medium nickel content make these steels capable for applications in reducing sulphur atmospheres containing H2S. They are widely used in moderately carburising atmospheres, as encountered in petrochemical environments. For more severe carburising atmospheres other heat resisting alloys should be selected. Grade 310 is not recommended for frequent liquid quenching as it suffers from thermal shock. The grade is often used in cryogenic applications, due to its toughness and low magnetic permeability.
In common with other austenitic stainless steels, these grades cannot be hardened by heat treatment. They can be hardened by cold work, but this is rarely practiced.
Fabrication Stainless Steel Grades 310S/310 are forged in the temperature range 975 – 1175°C. Heavy work is carried out down to 1050°Cand a light ﬁnish is applied to the bottom of the range. After forging annealing is recommended to relieve all stresses from the forging process. The alloys can be readily cold formed by standard methods and equipment.
Machinability of Stainless Steel Grade 310/310S Stainless Steel
Machinability Stainless Steel Grades 310/310S are similar in machinability to type 304. Work hardening can be a problem and it is normal to remove the work hardened layer by using slow speeds and heavy cuts, with sharp tools and good lubrication. Powerful machines and heavy, rigid tools are used.
Welding Stainless Steel Grades 310/310S are welded with matching electrodes and ﬁller metals. The alloys are readily welded by SMAW (manual), GMAW (MIG), GTAW (TIG) and SAW. Electrodes to AWS A5.4 E310-XX and A 5.22 E310T-X, and ﬁller metal AWS A5.9 ER310 are used. Argon is shielding gas. Preheat and post heat are not required, but for corrosion service in liquids full post weld solution annealing treatment is essential. Pickling and passivation of the surface to remove high temperature oxides are essential to restore full aqueous corrosion resistance after welding. This treatment is not required for high temperature service, but welding slag should be thoroughly removed.
Stainless Steel Grades 310/310S have good resistance to oxidation in intermittent service in air up to 1035°C and 1050°C in continuous service. The grades are resistant to oxidation, sulphidation and carburisation.
Available Forms of Grade 310/310S Stainless Steel
Yaang Pipe Industry can supply these grades as stainless steel plates, stainless steel sheets and stainless steel strips, stainless steel bars and stainless steel rods, seamless stainless steel tubes and seamless stainless steel pipes, welded stainless steel tubes and welded stainless steel pipes, stainless steel forgings and stainless steel forging billets, stainless steel tubes and stainless steel pipe ﬁttings, stainless steel wires. Corrosion Resistance Stainless Steel Grade 310/310S is generally not used for corrosive liquid service, although the high chromium and nickel content give corrosion resistance superior to grade 304. The alloy does not contain molybdenum, so pitting resistance is quite poor. Stainless Steel Grade 310/310S will be sensitised to intergranular corrosion after service at temperatures in range 550 – 800°C. Chloride stress corrosion cracking may take place in corrosive liquids containing chlorides at temperatures exceeding 100°C.
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