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Difference Between Steel and Mild Steel

Difference Between Steel and Mild Steel

difference-steel-mild-steel

What is the difference
between steel and mild steel? Well, one might think that it’s all in the
name bit this is most certainly not the case. There are significant differences
between steel and mild steel which would be properly discussed in this article.
But before we get to the important bits, why is it important for people to know
the difference between the two? Well, the answer is simple. If you were to use
one of the other, it is essential that you make sure that you have the
appropriate one for the project you have at hand. Otherwise, it could completely
compromise it. So now that we have that out of the way, shall we take a closer
look at these two types of metal?

Steel, often classified as through the use of its carbon
content, is actually a high-carbon steel that is
often used for creating cutting tools and dies. Because of its brittleness and
utter hardness, it is also often used for construction as well as structural
forms due to its compatibility with tooling and welding. Alloy steel is
currently one of the most widely used but of course, this also depends upon the
purpose that a specific type of steel is going to serve. For example, when it
comes to building automobiles as well as airplane parts, chromium steel is most
often used due to its strength, hardness and elasticity.

Another thing that you should note with regards to steel is that not all of
its varieties are magnetic. Perhaps you might have read or heard about the
‘magnet test’ which is often used to tell steel apart from other types of metal.
This isn’t always applicable such as in the case of nickel steel. It is
nonmagnetic, lacks the brittleness of high-carbon steel but at the same time,
has the same tensile properties. To tell nonmagnetic steel varieties apart from
other types of metal, you may want to consider checking its density. There lie
some major discrepancies.

Mild steel, on the other hand, is a variety of steel alloy
that is comprised of high amounts of carbon as one of its major constituent. If
you don’t know what an alloy is, it basically is a mixture of metals as well as
non-metals which are designed to have very specific properties. Mild steel
differs from stainless steel through its chromium content. Stainless steel
contains a more significant amount of chromium when compared to mild steel or
ordinary carbon. As for its properties, mild steel is known to show a gradation
when it comes to strength, malleability, ductility as well as the other physical
properties of steel.

This gradation happens as the composition changes. Despite this fact,
however, it is still one of the most commonly used alloys out there. It is not
as brittle as high grade steel but its tensile strength is lower when compared
to it. Mild steel is commonly used for creating pipes, bullets, armor, chains,
nuts and bolts, hinges, magnets, wire, cable as well as knives. It also becomes
stronger if you add more carbon to it. Also, do note that when it comes to
resistance to corrosion, mild steel is a lot more vulnerable when compared to
steel. Basically, steel contains a sufficient amount of chromium that helps it
form a kind passive film made out of chromium oxide that helps prevent further
corrosion. Do keep in mind that there are modern treatments that can be applied
to mild steel which can help delay or completely prevent corrosion in it as
well.  

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